Legion Condor. Photo chronicle of combat use Ju-87 with bombs SC500
In may 2013 in one of the halls of the fortress of Montjuic was put on display photographs from German military archives, the enlightened one of the ugly scenes of the Civil war in Spain - the actions of the air group known as "Condor Legion".
the Pilots of the Legion Kondor volunteer of the Luftwaffe, who fought on the side of Franco. The connection was organized in June of 1936 and lasted until March 1939. Armed units were up to 150 aircraft of the German production, all through the Legion passed 5.5 thousand pilots and ground specialists. The German command, in addition to support "close in spirit" Generalissimo Franco, was aimed at testing and fine-tuning their aircraft in combat. I must say that Spanish dictator Hitler "threw" and not enlisting during the Second World war on his side - Spain maintained neutrality. Limited Franco sent to the Eastern front of the "Blue division", composed of volunteers, most of which moved there not from a good life.
In April 1938, were carried out "experimental" (as in source) bombing for a number of Spanish villages in territory occupied by the Republicans.
It was poorwy the experience of combat use of a new modification of a dive bomber Ju-87A. If other planes eventually were transferred to the Spaniards, the "Things" in full force returned to Germany.
Ju-87 Stuka (short for Sturzkampfflugzeug, which means "dive bomber"), serially produced since 1936 and is one of the symbols of Nazi aggression and barbaric bombing. In the first phase of pan-European carnage, these machines were operated very effectively, and producing enemy a lasting psychological effect, acting with impunity in conditions of absolute air superiority. Surprisingly, this well-known aircraft was released not-so-big quantities - only about 6.5 thousand cars, and although he was easy prey for modern fighters of the allies, was used until the end of the war.
Modification with the letter "A" could carry a heavy bomb, although flights could carry only one pilot, without the arrow and with a small supply of fuel. Length bombs 2метра, diameter 47 inches. The warhead consisted of 260 kilograms of a mixture of amatol and TNT in equal proportions or 40/60.
Limited supply of fuel resulted in the selection of goals just 30 kilometers behind the front line. "Experiment" involved the discharge of bombs from altitudes of 990, 1100 and 1200 meters.
the First object was a small Valencia town of Benal (Benassal), located near Castellon de La Plana.
the devastation caused by the bomb of SC500.
the RAID was made may 25 at 7:30 in the morning, when many residents were in their homes.
the Blast brought down the arches of the Church, built in the 17th century.
the Next blow was dealt on may 29 at the village Ares.
as a result destroyed about 40 houses most of the buildings of a small peasant settlement.
Vilar de Canes with a population of about 400 people was bombed twice - on 26 and 31 may. Despite the great destruction, killing only 3 people.
Albocasser from 21 to 24 may was dropped 12 bombs weighing half a ton.
to be Honest, blessed with incredible strength Spanish homes - completely destroyed the building only at the epicenter of the explosions. Also the impression and precision bombing - according to German reports, the pilots fell in a circle with a radius of 5 meters.
Lists of those killed in the bombing of civilians.
Aerial photos of the villages, made after 75 years after the bombing. Traces are still visible today. A poem by Carles Salvador "Song and charm of Nenasala" written in 1945 in memory of those killed in the bombing.