Finnish national aviation Museum in Vantaa (Suomen Ilmailumuseo)
During transit through Helsinki-Vantaa airport, it was time to visit the Finnish national aviation Museum (Suomen Ilmailumuseo on the map), located 20 minutes ' walk from the terminal.
At the entrance is a Soviet-made MiG-21bis jet fighter. These outstanding machines for their time were delivered to Finland, where they were in service from 1963 for almost 35 years, before being replaced in 1998 by American F-18s. After the war, until the mid-50s, the Finnish air force flew German aircraftThe Messerschmitt BF109 the beginning of the 40s, while most countries moved on to jet aircraft. However, the Cold war was underway and NATO countries did not want to sell modern aircraft to neutral and friendly Finland. By the beginning of the 60s, Suomi's military aviation had fallen into complete disrepair, and the Soviet Union, as a gesture of friendship, offered the Finns modern fighters that were not inferior to Western models. In total, the Finnish air force had about 60 MiG-21s of various modifications, including two training ones.
The Museum occupies two hangars, where more than 80 military and civil aircraft and helicopters used by Finnish military and civil aviation are displayed. In addition, aircraft engines, a lot of gliders, ground and air electronic equipment, simulators, layouts.
Military aviation hall
The first hall is dedicated to Finnish military aviation. From 1918 to 1945, the Finnish air force used a blue swastika in a white circle as an identification mark (not to be confused with the black, 45° - turned German swastika). Since April 1945, the Finnish air force's identification badge has been a blue ring in a white circle.
Civil aviation hall
The second hall is occupied by aircraft used by airlines and private individuals in Finland.
- Pitts Special S-1 and Christen Eagle II aerobatic aircraft
- Sports plane Ultimate 10-300
- Amateur aircraft Blomqvist-Nyberg and Pou-du-ciel (Taivaankirppu)
- Light aircraft Fieseler Fi 156 Storch (Stork)
- Passenger aircraft Douglas DC-3, Lockheed 18-07
- Convair CV440 passenger aircraft
- The Karhumäki Karhu 48B aircraft and DHC-2 Beaver
- Beechcraft 95-A55 business class aircraft
- Heinonen HK-1, PIK-11 Tumppu, Eclund TE-1, Mahe Scout aircraft
- Sports and training aircraft Piper PA-28
- The helicopter Bell-47, Kokkola KO-04, PLZ SM1SZ
- Mi-4 Helicopter
- Aircraft modeling